By United Nations
The current learn used to be carried out with the purpose to extend figuring out of the categorical exchange facilitation concerns and prerequisites within the chosen landlocked nations of the Caucasus and important Asian sub-region. half One seems at exchange facilitation in Asia Pacific quarter generally and on the difficulties, demanding situations and wishes of landlocked international locations. It additionally presents coverage thoughts to reinforce institutional infrastructure of landlocked nations for alternate facilitation. half presents kingdom case stories of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
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Additional resources for Trade Facilitation in Selected Landlocked Countries in Asia (Studies in Trade and Investment)
STRENGTHENING REGIONAL AND SUBREGIONAL COOPERATION: THE ROLE OF ESCAP The above policy recommendations are mainly relevant at the national level. As the international trade and investment environment constantly changes, it is important for the national lead agencies to continue the process of review and improvement to the institutional infrastructure of trade facilitation as highlighted earlier. Many problems arise due to the implementation of reforms and changes. These problems are caused by the lack of coordination and the prevalence of human intervention in trade processes and procedures.
These products incur low transportation costs and require highly skilled labour. Examples include processed diamonds, precious stones and computer software. Armenia faces high transportation costs. The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which starting in 1994 led to trade limitations with neighbouring countries, has had a significant impact on Armenia’s external trade. Georgia and the Islamic Republic of Iran provide its only land routes to the outside world. However, the main road from the Islamic Republic of Iran is frequently blocked, and the main road to Georgia is poorly maintained.
This TFAC must have the political power to pursue the national trade facilitation agenda and to enforce trade facilitation implementation. It is recommended that a reporting mechanism be introduced into the TFAC and a lead agency be identified. In this way, new proposals, methods, procedures and systems that are recommended by TFAC will have a formal link to the lead agency, which can then take the appropriate actions to implement relevant changes. Cooperation between the public and private sectors is a fundamental prerequisite for success of trade facilitation.