Agent zero : toward neurocognitive foundations for by Joshua M. Epstein

By Joshua M. Epstein

The ultimate quantity of the Groundbreaking Trilogy on Agent-Based Modeling

In this pioneering synthesis, Joshua Epstein introduces a brand new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software program person, or "agent," is endowed with distinctive emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in modern neuroscience, those inner parts engage to generate saw, frequently far-from-rational, person habit. whilst a number of brokers of this new variety flow and have interaction spatially, they jointly generate an surprising variety of dynamics spanning the fields of social clash, psychology, public future health, legislation, community technological know-how, and economics.

Epstein weaves a computational tapestry with threads from Plato, Hume, Darwin, Pavlov, Smith, Tolstoy, Marx, James, and Dostoevsky, between others. This transformative synthesis of social philosophy, cognitive neuroscience, and agent-based modeling will fascinate students and scholars of each stripe. Epstein's machine courses are supplied within the e-book or on its Princeton college Press web site, in addition to video clips of his "computational parables."

Agent_Zero is a sign departure in what it comprises (e.g., a brand new synthesis of neurally grounded inner modules), what it eschews (e.g., typical behavioral imitation), the phenomena it generates (from genocide to monetary panic), and the modeling arsenal it deals the medical community.

For generative social technology, Agent_Zero provides a groundbreaking imaginative and prescient and the instruments to achieve it.

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It is not by reasoning, moreover, that we form the connection. “All these operations are a species of natural instinct, which no reasoning or process of the thought and understanding is able either to produce or to prevent” (Section V, Part I). Hume even recognized the benefit (though perhaps not the cost) of a lag between reflexive response (low road) and deliberation (high road). He writes that, since this innate associative capacity is so essential to the subsistence of all human creatures, it is not probable that it could be entrusted to the fallacious deductions of our reason, which is slow in its operations; appears not in any degree in infancy;55 and at best is, in every age and period of human life, extremely liable to error and mistake.

And, as expected, we saw rapid “learning,” in the RW sense. After the four direct trials and countless reexposures in all media, the average CR to symbols of the Muslim world (CSs) was very high up the learning curve. S. , 2007, p. 311). Fourteen of these were murders. “Most [attacks] occurred within the period 10 days after the 9/11 attacks” (p. 311). , p. 311). Even a very broad and vague attribute (general skin hue) can serve as a CS. , a 1000-­hz tone). Olsson and Öhman (2009, p. , 2000). They even speak of “the possibility of a hard-­wired disposition to develop xenophobic responses” (p.

Pavlov (1903) actually repeated his experiments with a number of different conditioning stimuli, including the famous bell. Through repeated pairings with the US, the CS acquires salience and eventually alone elicits a response, called, naturally, the conditioned response (CR). Because it emerges through repeated associations of the US and the CS, the conditioning process is also called associative learning. , pp. 106–7), he writes 52 See Pavlov (1927, p. 52). The extent and variety of experiments, the rigor with which they are recorded, and the objectivity and intelligence with which they are interpreted are exceptional.

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