A Trumpet of Sedition: Political Theory and the Rise of by Ellen Meiksins Wood

By Ellen Meiksins Wood

The 16th and 17th centuries observed the increase of capitalism and the trendy geographical region, the institution of an more and more foreign economic climate, and the beginnings of contemporary colonialism. It was once a turbulent time, marked via progressive advancements in tradition and faith, social clash, political upheaval, and civil battle. It was once additionally an age of passionate debate and radical innovation in political conception and perform. Many modern political ideologies and concepts—ideas of the kingdom, civil society, estate, and person rights, to call a few—can hint their ancestry to this era.

Illuminating the roots of up to date Western political proposal, A Trumpet of Sedition surveys canonical texts by way of admired thinkers reminiscent of Thomas extra, Richard Hooker, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke, radicals just like the Levellers and Gerrard Winstanley and different much less popular yet very important figures. In transparent and vigorous prose, whereas situating them of their social and political context in new and unique methods and contrasting the English case to others in Europe. through analyzing political rules no longer in simple terms as free-floating abstractions yet as residing encounters with the ancient experience—the formation of the English country and the increase of agrarian capitalism—A Trumpet of Sedition illuminates the roots of latest Western political suggestion.

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Extra resources for A Trumpet of Sedition: Political Theory and the Rise of Capitalism, 1509-1688

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The pattern when specified in fine detail has not been identical and obviously has not coincided in time in different countries. France has been one notable exception among European countries because, except for a brief period in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, she has been self-sufficient in the main items of food. Apart from France, however, Britain, Germany, Denmark and later Russia, Romania and Hungary have all followed the pattern in its general outline. And today we see the repetition of the same pattern in the Third World ; there are a large number of Third World countries which were once net-exporters but are now netimporters of grain.

I " However, we leave this aside for the next chapter. Though the conservative politicians played a central part in its foundation and its functioning the Bund was not organised like the conservative. parties. Unlike them the Bund was a mass organisation committed to as wide a membership as possible; in fact within a year of its foundation it had managed to recruit 200,000 members. That the Bund was dominated by the Junkers is indeed true, but to treat simply as an organisation of Junkers would be to miss the essential point: it was both a conservative and a populist organisation and it is this combination which made it a novelty in Wilhelmine Germany.

In fact a special feature of politics in the Reich was the growth of such organisations parallel to political parties. They did not contest elections but, none the less, had a formative influence on parliamentary politics and government policies. Apart from the Bund der Landwirte (Farmers League) most of these organisations were founded in the 1870s. The foundation of the Reich in 1871 opened up a field of political representation in which all kinds of organisations proliferated. Both the Central Association of German Industrialists and the Association of Tax SOME ASPECTS OF GERMAN AGRICULTURE 31 and Economic Reformers (in fact a conservative association strongly biased in favour of the estate owners) were founded in 1876.

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