A literary mirror : Balinese reflections on modernity and by I Nyoman Darma Putra

By I Nyoman Darma Putra

A Literary mirror is the 1st English-language paintings to comprehensively examine Indonesian-language literature from Bali from a literary and cultural standpoint. It covers the interval from 1920 to 2000. this can be a really wealthy box for examine into the methods Balinese view their tradition and the way they reply to exterior cultural forces. This paintings enhances the big variety of latest stories of Bali and its background, anthropology, conventional literature, and the acting arts. A Literary Mirror is a useful source for these gaining knowledge of twentieth-century Balinese authors who wrote in Indonesian. beforehand, such writers have acquired little or no realization within the present literature. An appendix provides brief biographical info of many major writers and lists their paintings. complete textual content (Open entry)

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Readers of Surya Kanta could hardly have avoided the impression that they were often encountering the same ideas in different guises. 2 This is an animal fable, but can be read as an allegory dealing with rank and identity, both issues close to Surya Kanta’s ideological heart. As with the poetry, the writer uses this short story to promote the goals of the organization, especially the ideas of progress and equality. This, and the social themes of the syair published in Surya Kanta, suggest strongly that early Balinese literature was highly committed to social issues, which was characteristic of Indonesian literature from the colonial period.

This foundation established a lontar library, Gedong Kirtya, in 1928 in North Bali. Indonesian summaries of texts from this library were published in Bhawanegara with the aim of attracting public attention. If members of the public were interested, they could borrow a text or read the full version at the library. Gedong Kirtya still exists and maintains its collection as well as possible. 32 A literary mirror well as publishing locally. This national exposure increased in later decades with Balinese writers appearing in national publications such as Harian Rakjat (The people’s daily), the magazines Zaman Baru (New era), Sastra (Literature) and Horison (Horizon), the newspapers Kompas (Compass) and Media Indonesia (Indonesian media), and the monthly cultural journal Kalam (Pen).

The New Order Government banned these and all other left-wing organizations, and their key figures and followers were killed or imprisoned. The banning of Lekra brought Manikebu to a position of literary dominance and 13 For a detailed study of Lekra, see Yahaya Ismail (1972) and Foulcher (1986), and for the conflict between Lekra and the Cultural Manifesto group see Foulcher (1969, 1994a) and Mohamad (1988). For the clash between the Bali branch of Lekra and its local opponent, see Putra (2003).

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