A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms by Richard A. Lanham

By Richard A. Lanham

The 1st variation of this accepted paintings has been reprinted many occasions over twenty years. With a different mix of alphabetical and descriptive lists, it offers in a single handy, available quantity all of the rhetorical phrases - ordinarily Greek and Latin - that scholars of Western literature and rhetoric are inclined to encounter of their analyzing or to discover priceless of their writing. Now the second one version deals new gains that would make it nonetheless extra useful:A thoroughly revised alphabetical directory that defines approximately 1,000 phrases utilized by students of formal rhetoric from classical Greece to the current day.A revised process of cross-references among terms.Many new examples and new, prolonged entries for relevant terms.A revised Terms-by-Type directory to determine unknown terms.A new typographical layout for less complicated entry.

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Antitheton (an TI the ton; G. "opposed") — Antithesis; Quarreller. Antonomasia (an to no MA si a; G. "use of an epithet or patronymic, instead of a proper name, or the reverse"); alt. sp. Antinomasia — Nominatio; Pronominatio; Surnamer. " Or, proper name for quality associated with it: "Perfect! " Quintilian points out the similarity to Synecdoche. Apaetesis (a pae TE sis; G. "demanding back"). A matter put aside in anger is resumed later. Aphaeresis (a PHAE re sis; G. "taking away") — Ablatio.

In metrical terms, the planus, or even run, consisted of a dactyl and a trochee; the tardus, or slow run, of two dactyls; the velox, or quick run, of a dactyl and two trochees. " 43 1 I ALPHABETICAL LIST OF TERMS Curt Style — Senecan Style. Cutted Comma. Puttenham's term for Brachylogia. Declamatio (de cla MA ti o). The elaborately ornamented and rehearsed speech on a fictional situation or hypothetical lawsuit which formed a central part of Roman rhetorical discipline. Fictional rehearsal speeches must be as old as rhetoric itself, of course; Greek Progymnasmata were smallerscale exercises of the same sort, and they were followed by Hypotheses, full-scale rehearsal speeches for assembly and lawcourt.

Such letter-writing was a public, formal, and highly rhetorical activity. "In view of the way in which letters were written and sent, and also of the standards of literacy in the Middle Ages, it is doubtful whether there were any private letters in the modern sense of the term" (Constable, Letters and Letter-Collections, p. 11). The training for and practice of ars dictaminis gradually came to usurp much of the doctrine formerly grouped under ars rhetorica. Erich Auerbach has described it as the flowering of medieval Latin stylistic mannerism, with its principal stylistic elements being "rhythmical movement of clauses, rhymed prose, sound patterns and figures of speech, unusual vocabulary, complex and pompous sentence structure" (Literary Language and Its Public, p.

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